Yggdrasil – The World Tree of the Norsemen

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Yggdrasil.

Sounds familiar, right? We may hear this somewhere, but do we know exactly what Yggdrasil is?

Yggdrasil is a huge, ash tree that is known to shelter the nine worlds: More

Finest Illustrations of Athena from DeviantArt.com

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I have an account with deviantart, and I also admire works that are truly interesting and enchanting.

As of now, let’s start the list with Athena, the Greek Goddess of wisdom, craft and war. She is Zeus‘ favorite daughter. Myth has it that when Zeus hears the prophecy that if a child will be born from his union with Metis, this child will become more powerful than he, so he thought of a way to deal with this. Afraid of the prophecy to happen, Zeus swallowed the pregnant Metis. Though swallowed, she still conceived her child and made an armor and weapon for her. When the child is “ready to be delivered”, Zeus experienced a “headache” so painful he asked to have his head split open. After doing so, with a loud voice, Goddess Athena sprang from his head, fully-grown, with her armor and weapon.

Below you can see some of the finest illustrations of Athena from DeviantArt. Credits are given to the artists who made this. You can also visit their profile to admire their other artworks. Enjoy browsing! 🙂

AthenaAthena by Genzoman

Athena by mmmmmr

Athena by SaraRichard

Athena by InertiaK

Athena by redheaded-step-child

Athena by miss-velance

Athena by Alayna

Athena by EleosInteractive

You’ve seen some of the great illustrations of the Greek Goddess Athena. Do you know other pictures that we can add here? Hope you enjoyed this collection. Feel free to comment! 🙂

Zeus: The God Of All Ladies Men

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Hi all! It’s been a while since I posted nice and informative article here, luckily we have this guest post from Stacey Cavalari, an experienced journalist for eDrugstore.MD, a leading safe online medication drugstore since 2001. Make sure to visit edrugstore.md’s podcast section, where 400+ expert health specialists give their excellent advice.


Zeus was the ruler of Olympus and the chief of all the Greek Gods and Goddesses. He overthrew his father, Cronus, and upon winning the lot between him and his two brothers, Poseidon and Hades, became the king of the Olympians. His wife was Hera, though he had been married twice before, and his weapon was the thunderbolt. This thunderbolt would be hurled at any mortal who lied or broke an oath, which was ironic, as Zeus, himself, wasn’t known for his truthfulness.

Yes, like most of the Greek gods, Zeus was imperfect. Despite all of his better qualities, Zeus, like so many other men, had a weakness for the ladies. His many affairs are possibly the thing that he is most famous for. His unfaithfulness made Hera a very jealous goddess, and instead of taking it out on her husband, she would usually sate her fury on Zeus’s lovers, even if they had only been a victim of his advances.

But, one good thing that did come out of Zeus’s many affairs are the scores of notable offspring he had with the various goddesses, demi-goddesses, nymphs, dryads and mortal women who caught his fancy. Here are a few of Zeus’s most notable affairs:

Semele

Jan Voorhout Zeus and Semele

Image via Wikipedia (Zeus and Semele)

Semele was a mortal, a princess of Thebes. She was Zeus’s lover and was carrying his child when Hera found out about the affair and went ballistic. She killed Semele and her unborn child would have perished as well if Zeus hadn’t stepped in to save him. The baby was Dionysus, who later became the god of wine and merrymaking. When he was grown, he found a way to free his mother from the underworld and convinced Zeus to allow her to live on Olympus. Semele is very notable, as she is the only mortal woman ever to be the mother of a god (as opposed to a demi-god).

Leda

Leda, by Gustave Moreau

Image via Wikipedia (Zeus and Leda)

One advantage of being a god was the ability to shape shift and gain access to beautiful women without their even suspecting you were near. Zeus used this trick in many situations. One such incident involved him turning himself into a swan, pretending to be running from an eagle, and landing in beautiful Leda’s arms “for protection”. Well how could she resist that? Later that night, however, in the form of a swan, Zeus took advantage of Leda and in time this consummation resulted in two eggs being laid. From these eggs hatched four babies; Helen, Clytemnestra, and Castor and Pollux. Half of these children were the mortal children of Leda’s husband and half were Zeus’s. Which ones are Zeus’s and which are not is often a matter of debate, however Helen is always stated as being the daughter of Zeus. Later she would be Helen of Troy, over which the Trojan War was fought.

Io

Io with Zeus, by Giovanni Ambrogio Figino

Image via Wikipedia (Zeus and Io)

Zeus could turn into anything he wanted to in order to bed a lovely lady. Once he even turned into a sunbeam! However, once in awhile, one of his lovers had the bad fortune to be transformed to cover up his affair. Io was one such lady. When Hera found out about Zeus’s affair with her, she quickly came down from heaven to investigate. Trying to cover things up, Zeus turned Io into a heifer that just “happened” to be standing there. Hera, who knew what was up, asked for the heifer as a gift and Zeus could not refuse. Once she had poor Io, she set Argus, who had a thousand eyes, to watch her. Zeus set Hermes to lull Argus to sleep, and when he was sleeping, Hermes killed Argus. Hera was heartbroken and as a tribute she placed Argus’s eyes on her favorite bird, the peacock. Io was free, but she was tormented by a terrible gadfly and the ghost of Argus. She traveled all over, and as a result, many geographic areas are now named for her, such as the Ionian Sea and the Bosporus. Later she was restored to her human form, and bore a child to Zeus. One of her descendents was Hercules, who, among other great feats, freed Prometheus, just as Prometheus had predicted.

These are just a few of the notable affairs of Zeus. One thing that stands out about Zeus is that, while he is divine, he holds the same character flaws as most humans. “Relatable” gods and goddesses are a trademark of Greek mythology so it’s no wonder that almighty Zeus also made mistakes.

There, if you have something to share, verify or ask, feel free to reply here and don’t forget to hit the comment button. 😀


The Four Goddesses of Dioses

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The Four Goddesses of Dioses

The Four Goddesses of Dioses

Listed below are my characters in Dioses, the following being some of the goddesses found in the manga. Each goddess is unique and bear in mind that these goddesses are of my own version. So, there, enjoy reading! 🙂

ATLATONAN : There are confusions regarding her domain. Some say she is the Aztec goddess of lepers and those who are born with physical deformities. On some accounts, an Earth goddess or goddess of the coast. She is also known as Atlatonin. She is also one of the four wives of the Jaguar-god Tezcatlipoca.

BASTETThe Egyptian Cat goddess. There are also confusions, though. On some accounts, it is said that she is the one sent by Ra to destroy the mankind. The humans, at that time, are all wicked and cursed Ra’s great name. So, the council of the gods, with Ra, decided to destroy them and thus Bastet was sent to slay them. That’s one version, come say the goddess Hathor did it. She is also called Bast. She is the goddess of music, dancing, pleasure  and merry-making.

FRIGG : The queen-wife of Odin, king of the Norse gods. She is the goddess of marriage, also of love (though some accounts say that Freya is the goddess of Love) . She is seen as the goddess who weaves the clouds. She also has the capability to see the future but told no one about what she sees. She has lots of attendants, the most popular is Fulla. When Balder is terrified by his nightmares, it is his mother, Frigg, who extracted the oaths from all the living and non-living things not to hurt Balder. But this failed because Balder is killed by a tiny twig of mistletoe. By the way, Friday is named after her.

HERA :  The queen of the gods, she is Zeus’ wife. She is also the goddess of marriage. Their union produced Ares, god of war, Hebe, goddess of youth and cupbearer of the gods, and Eileithyia, goddess of childbirth. She bore Hephaestus alone. Some of the popular stories about her is her jealousy and anger towards her husbands’s women. Her sacred animal is the peacock, whose eyes once belong to Argos, her faithful follower whom Hermes killed.

Persephone the Spring Goddess

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Persephone - the Spring Goddess

Persephone - the Spring Goddess

Who is Persephone?

  1. She is well known as the daughter of Zeus and Demeter, although there is an account telling us that her mother is Styx (Apollodorus 1.13)
  2. Also known as the Spring goddess, her presence staying with us brought forth the warmth Spring, her disappearance brought forth the cold winter and fall.
  3. She is abducted by Hades, the god of the dead, but not Death himself. In his realm the dead found their place, only the dead could enter, and at the entrance the three-headed dog Cerberus guarded it, allowing those to enter, but harsh to those who wanted to go outside.
  4. It all started when Persephone is picking flowers with a band of lovely nymphs to accompany her. It so happens that a lovely flower blooms, it’s so beautiful Persephone can’t take her eyes off it, so she decided to go ahead and pick it. Upon doing so, the earth trembles and opens, and there goes Hades in his chariot, abducted Persephone and hurried back to his realm. Her companions are too shocked they didn’t able to help the poor lady.
  5. Prior to her abduction, Hades asked Zeus if he could marry Persephone. Zeus agreed and gave his approval, although he knew that Demeter won’t agree. A certain account I’ve known tells that it was Zeus responsible for Persephone’s attraction to the flower. It says that Zeus asked the help of Gaea, who in turn make the flower bloom.
  6. Persephone screamed so hard, begging Hades to let her go, and at the same time, calling her mother for help. But Hades paid no attention, he wanted her.
  7. When Demeter returned, she looked for her daughter but didn’t found her. Being a mother, she sought everywhere to find her beloved daughter. With a torch in hand, she sought the earth calling her daughter’s name, she was so occupied she forgot her duties as an earth goddess.
  8. Alas, Hecate (goddess of the crossroads) and Helios (a Sun-god) helped her. Demeter knows nothing, who her daughter’s abductor is, where they gone. Helios told the grieving goddess what happened. Furious, Demeter asked Zeus’ help to bring back her daughter. Without her daughter, she won’t allow any crop to grow, surely would bring famine to the mortals.
  9. Zeus tried to talk with Demeter but it won’t help. In some versions, he had Rhea, their mother, comforted Demeter. While Hermes went down to Hades to fetch Persephone.
  10. Hades, knew that it will happen, persuades the lonely and shocked Persephone to eat the pomegranate seeds.
  11. Hermes succeeds in bringing Persephone to her mother, as mother and daughter embraced each other, Demeter learned that her daughter had eaten seeds of Pomegranate; which means that she couldn’t spend the whole year with her beloved daughter.
  12. It is stated that Persephone would spend 1/3 of the year in Hades and the remaining 2/3 with the gods above. (There are some variations, though, some say it’s 1/2 of the year with Hades, and the remaining with the gods)
  13. Persephone’s disappearance and stay at the Underworld marked the winter and autumn, cold and with no crops at all. Her return marked the beginning of Spring.

So, there she is. If you happen to know other facts about Persephone, feel free to share. 🙂

 

 

Aztec Codices

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The Aztec sun calender is a circular stone wit...

Image via Wikipedia

These are books written by pre-Columbian and colonial-era Aztecs. These codices provide some of the best primary sources for Aztec culture.

Best known are:

1. Madrid Codex: It tackles about the fourth Tlatoani Itzcoatl (ruling from 1427 to 1440) ordered the burning of all historical codices because they believed that it was “not wise that all the people should know the paintings”. Among other purposes, this allowed the Aztec state to develop a state-sanctioned history and myths that tells about Huitzilopochtli.
2. Codex Borbonicus: It is a codex written by Aztec priests shortly before or after the Spanish conquest of Mexico. Like all pre-Columbian codices, it was originally entirely pictorial in nature. It was divided into three sections:
a. Tonalamatl or divinatory calendar.
b. Documentation of the Mesoamerican 52 year cycle, showing in order the dates of the first days of each of these 52 solar years
c. Section of rituals and ceremonies, particularly those that end the 52 year cycle, when the “new fire” must be lit.
3. Boturini Codex: Was a compilation of paintings painted by an unknown Aztec author some time between 1530 and 1541, roughly a decade after the Spanish conquest of Mexico. It tells the story of the legendary Aztec journey from Aztlán to the Valley of Mexico.
4. Codex Mendoza: Is a pictorial document, with Spanish annotations and commentary, composed circa 1541. It is divided into three sections:
a. A history of each Aztec ruler and their conquests
b. A list of the tribute paid by each tributary province
c. A general description of daily Aztec life.
5. Florentine Codex: It is a copy of original source materials which are now lost, perhaps destroyed by the Spanish authorities who confiscated Sahagún’s manuscripts.

DIOSES chapter 1.1 “Olympus”

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DIOSES chapter 1.1 "Olympus"

DIOSES chapter 1.1 "Olympus"

Here is the cover page of Chapter 1.1: “Olympus” , hope you enjoy.

Click on the image to enlarge and read. ^_^

Chapter 1     >>>Title Page<<<     PAGE 1

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