Tezcatlipoca and Xilonen

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Xilonen and Tezcatlipoca
my version of  Xilonen and Tezcatlipoca

Tezcatlipoca  was known as the Aztec god of the night sky and sorcery. Among the four major Aztec gods, he was considered as the most handsome and perpetually young. His name could be translated as the “Smoking Mirror” and also a protector of the slaves, patron of warriors.

He was also known to have four wives. They were Atlatonan, Huixtocihuatl, Xilonen and Xochiquetzal. Atlatonan was known as the goddess of the lepers and of borne with physical deformities. Huixtocihuatl, on the other hand, was the goddess of salt and salt water. She was also one of Tlaloc‘s sisters. Xilonen, whose name could be translated to “hairy one”, was the goddess of the corn. She was also known as Tezcatlipoca’s favored wife. Last would be Xochiquetzal, known as the goddess of love, beauty and flowers.

Each of these divinities had their own festivals, and in this festival, human sacrifice was very common. Human sacrifice, the Aztecs believed, would make their gods happy and nourished.

 

 

*bear in mind that some of these info may not be the same as the others on the net. On some instances, for example, for Atlatonan, in some accounts she was regarded as an earth goddess. For clarifications or info don’t hesitate to share it! 😀

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Aztec Rules

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The Aztecs liked war so much that they were into it like 4-5 times a year.

There are two reasons: First is to let the other tribe knew how powerful they are. The losing tribe would pay them crops, gold or other valuable goods or what the Aztec demanded. Second reason was to get some people/warriors from the losing tribe to sacrifice to the Aztecs’ gods.

The Royal Meal

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Aztec ritual human sacrifice portrayed in the ...

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The Aztec people also enjoyed eating some human flesh from their victim. After the ritual was done (the sacrifice wherein the high priest will rip open the victim’s chest to get the still-beating heart) and the blood and heart were offered to their gods, the victim’s body will be given to the warrior who conquer them as a reward.  There were also some accounts that said even their royalties and kings prefer to eat the thighs and arms of their victims and boiled them in a pot or cauldron of potatoes, tomatoes and chillies!

Tlaloc

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Tlaloc, Collection E. Eug. Goupil, 17th century

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Tlaloc was an Aztec god of rain, fertility and water. Considered as a war-freak and unsatisfied god, when he’s in a bad mood he would send drought and famine in the land. To appease him, the Aztec priests would sacrifice children from 8 years and below. They would either cut their fingers or pull their fingernails one by one to make them cry. Their cries were like music to Tlaloc’s ears. Also, the priests would try to collect their tears also to be sacrificed to him.

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